Tuesday, May 5, 2015
***** Searching for Gold in the Rogue River Valley *****
Nathaniel “Yank” McNair was responsible for the first permanent settlement on the terrace now known as the Rand National Historic Site. It was here that McNair staked the Big Yank Placer Mine. In August 1874, Yank discovered rich gold quartz veins about one mile downstream from his placer claim. Within a few months, Yankville, a small logging and sawmill camp, emerged on McNair’s placer claim to supply lumber for the mining operations downstream. However, limited access and poor mining technology soon resulted in a failed exploitation and the demise of the little camp of Yankville. Around 1900, the Rand Mining Company purchased the Big Yank Placer mining property, which included the former site of Yankville. In 1905, the company surveyed the terrace to lay out lots for a town site they called Rand. The name Rand came from Witwatersrand, a gold-laden ridge in South Africa. In 1906, the Rand Mining Company joined the Almeda Mining Company to form the Almeda Consolidated Mines Company. Several dwellings and the Rand School were constructed on the town site.
***** Jacksonville, Oregon *****
With the discovery of gold in Jacksonville, Oregon, in 1852, Oregon’s Willamette Valley farmers made their way south over the California-Oregon Trail into the Rogue River Valley in hopes of striking it rich. Miners swarmed the Rogue River and other rivers in the area scouring the banks for gold and displacing local Native American bands. The most accessible and valuable deposits were largely extracted during the 1850s, however, mining still continues throughout the valley today.
***** Rand, Oregon *****
Rand National Historic Site
Rogue National Wild and Scenic River - Public Lands USA: Use - Free EBook on Oregon's History.
The Rand National Historic Site (Rand) is located in southwestern Oregon approximately 25 miles northwest of Grants Pass, Oregon, and 3 miles downstream from the community of Galice. Rand is located on a terrace on the west side of the Rogue National Wild and Scenic River in steep, mountainous country with elevations ranging from 700 feet at the river’s edge to 4,000 feet on nearby peaks. See more
Monday, May 4, 2015